Electroplating has been around for quite some time, a well tested method of getting one metal onto another. Chrome plated engine exhausts, gold-plated jewelry, and rust-resistant industrial parts all rely on the process of using electricity to direct free-floating metal ions to attach to a larger source of metal. A new process from a startup called Modumetal has a fresh spin on this old classic however, laying down the coating metal in just such a way as to dramatically increase the strength of the final product.
The advance comes down the fact that, by slightly varying the properties of the electric field that directs the metal ions onto their target, Modumetal can control their exact pattern of attachment. More to the point, by varying that electric field over time they can create a layered coating, each layer designed to offset the weaknesses of the ones on either side of it. By depositing their coating layers in precise patterns, this technique can make it almost impossible for any single crack to work its way all the way through the coating, and greatly improve the metal’s physical properties.
This is called “nano-lamination” and technically applies to a proprietary alloy,
When Canonical unveiled its Ubuntu Edge concept phone on Indiegogo a couple of years ago, two things were clear: the ludicrously high funding goal showed that Canonical’s main goal was to generate hype rather than funds, and the company was taking a more aggressive approach to give Linux some mainstream appeal. If Ubuntu was treading water in the desktop space, maybe it could do a lap or two in the mobile market? The Edge didn’t meet its funding goal, but next week — two years after the concept was revealed — the first Ubuntu mobile phone will go on sale.
Around one year ago — almost to date — we learned that Canonical managed to wrangle a couple of partners to help manufacture Ubuntu mobile phones, Meizu and BQ Readers. Since then, though, what we mostly heard was silence. Next week, BQ will be able to say it sold the world’s first Ubuntu smartphone. Canonical’s mobile OS will be placed on BQ’s Aquaris E4.5, traditionally a midrange Android phone, sporting a 1.3GHz quad-core Cortex A7 processor, 1GB of RAM, 8GB of internal storage, and a micro SD card slot packed underneath a 4.5-inch 540×960 display, alongside a 8MP rear camera and 5MP front camera
Whether it was after getting hooked on your first comic, taking a college art class, or even idly doodling on your math book instead of paying attention to your teacher, we’ve all experimented with drawing. Unless you’re one of the people that can actually do it well, you likely gave up and moved on, wondering how other humans can mix lines together to create something both recognizable and aesthetically pleasing. If you’re illustrationally-challenged, your salvation may lie not with humanity, but with robotics. A new robotic glove teaches you how to draw by becoming training your muscle memory.
Copenhagen Institute of Interaction Design student Saurabh Datta developed the glove as part of his thesis, initially as a way to learn to play the piano. If his human hands couldn’t learn, maybe some robot hands could teach them —Called Teacher, the glove-like robot straps onto your hand and fingers, and guides you through specific gestures over and over. If you do it enough, your hand will learn how to do itthrough sheer muscle memory.
Obviously, this won’t teach you instinct or how to transfer something from your imagination to paper, but at the very least, the theory is that it’ll teach you basics — how to make aesthetically pleasing lines.
Datta’s machines won’t suddenly help you create the best DeviantArt page the internet has ever known, but it’s essentially a proof-of-concept for machines doing our learning for us.
As battery technologies go, the world has a love-hate relationship with lithium-ion. On the one hand, breakthroughs in Li-ion designs and construction are responsible for the Tesla Model S, new installations, green energy research, and the modern smartphone. On the other hand, lithium-ion limitations are the reason why most EVs have a range of 40-60 miles, the Model S costs upwards of $80,000, and why your smartphone can’t last all day on a single charge. For all its promise and capability, lithium-ion has limited long-term utility — which is why a new announcement from Fuji Pigment is so interesting. The company is claiming that its new aluminum-air batteries can run for up to two weeks and be refilled with normal water.
Facebook announced that it has partnered with Samsung, Nokia, Ericsson, MediaTek, Opera and Qualcomm to launch a project calledInternet.org, to make the worldwide web available to two-thirds of the planet still notconnected to the Internet with internet access via cheaper devices, better business models and better infrastructure.
According to Facebook, only 2.7 billion people — just over a third of the world’s population — around the world currently have access to the Internet. And, the goal of Internet.org is to connect the remaining five billion people and provide the same opportunities enjoyed by those in the connected third of the world.
“There are huge barriers in developing countries to connecting and joining the knowledge economy,” Mark Zuckerberg, founder and CEO of Facebook, said in a statement. “Internet.org brings together a global partnership that will work to overcome these challenges, including making internet access available to those who cannot currently afford it.”
Improving the global economy is certainly a laudable goal, although Facebook stands to benefit from this, too.
The Internet.org website is currently live and provides an overview of its mission and goals, and in coming weeks, it is expected to feature interviews with technology leaders and experts, along with the latest news on the project’s progress.
SCIENTISTS in a lab used a powerful laser to re-create what might have been the original spark of life on Earth.
Researchers zapped clay and a chemical soup with the laser to simulate the energy of a speeding asteroid smashing into the planet. They ended up creating what can be considered crucial pieces of the building blocks of life.
The experiment produced all four chemical bases needed to make RNA, a simpler relative of DNA, the blueprint of life. From these bases, there are many still-mysterious steps that must happen for life to emerge. But this is a potential starting point in that process.
Some scientists were unimpressed by the results, which do not actually prove that this is how life started on Earth about four billion years ago, a time when asteroids were bombarding our planet 10 times more frequently than before or after. But the experiment bolsters this particular theory.
The next version of Google Glass, which is due out sometime in 2015, will be powered by an Intel x86 chip — rather than the Texas Instruments ARM chip that helms the current Glass Explorer Edition hardware. This will mark the first major hardware revision for Glass, which was first shown off at Google I/O 2012 and went on sale in limited quantities in early 2013. Presumably this is either to boost the performance and battery life of Glass considerably — or Intel cut a very generous deal that encouraged Google to move away from ARM for its wearable computing efforts.
Currently, the Explorer Edition of Google Glass (which is available to public as of May 2014) costs around $1,500 — which is a pretty steep price to pay for a device with limited battery life and an ancient TI OMAP 4430 SoC. When the consumer version of Glass finally arrives, priced at around “the average smartphone,”
Swiss Confectionary giant Nestle has taken the next step toward consolidating its sustainability ventures by utilizing expired and discarded chocolate to power its Rolo candy manufacturing facility in the UK.
Nestle will begin using misshapen or expired chocolate that would otherwise be discarded, and combine it with leftover ingredients such as sugar and starch to power the facility through the process of Anaerobic Digestion.
Anaerobic Digestion isn’t something new; the process of breaking food down into gas without air occurs naturally. However, Nestle is the first confectioner to have found a way to harness the end result of this process for generating power.
According to Nestle, the said mixture will be further melted and left to rot in an airtight tank. The methane and carbon dioxide produced as a result of the decaying process will be then used as fuel to generate electricity.
Nearly 8 percent of the electricity needed to power the factory now comes from the 200 kilowatt unit designed by British company Clearfleau. That cuts back on air pollution and also saves Nestle money. The company says the new project is set to lower its electricity bill by roughly $157,000 each year.
Finally scientist can be clone a forty millenerian mammoth. Well then how is gonna be happen?
In last year an uncorrupted mammoth body had been found under an icecap in Siberia. Nowadays researchers from South Korea is trying to find out whole information of its DNA by using blood-liquid from its body. In case of they wouldn’t reach to knowledge of its DNA, they intend to complete this genom knowledge by using DNA datas of today’s elephants.
It’s obvious that bring back to life of an animal which belongs to ancient ages has ethical problems. Besides the mammoth which has brought back get the risk from other elephants. Due to researchers can be constrained to sacrifice of some elephants. Despite all it’s not certain that the clone mammoth will long live.Altough these obstacles, If Mammoth brings back to life, it may lead an enterprise which it can be put under protection and following its evolution by special programmes as a conclusion it can be a very special zoo which can be visit for ancient animals from around the world like Jurassic Park
Researchers at the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin have achieved a milestone in modern wireless and cellular telecommunications, creating a radically smaller, more efficient radio wave circulator that could be used in cellphones and other wireless devices, as reported in the latest issue of Nature Physics.
The new circulator has the potential to double the useful bandwidth in wireless communications by enabling full-duplex functionality, meaning devices can transmit and receive signals on the same frequency band at the same time.
The key innovation is the creation of a magnetic-free radio wave circulator.
Since the advent of wireless technology 60 years ago, magnetic-based circulators have been in principle able to provide two-way communications on the same frequency channel, but they are not widely adopted because of the large size, weight and cost associated with using magnets and magnetic materials.
Freed from a reliance on magnetic effects, the new circulator has a much smaller footprint while also using less expensive and more common materials. These cost and size efficiencies could lead to the integration of circulators within cellphones and other microelectronic systems, resulting in substantially faster downloads, fewer dropped calls and significantly clearer communications.
The team of researchers, led by Associate Professor Andrea Alu, has developed a prototype circulator that is 2 centimeters in size -- more than 75 times smaller than the wavelength of operation. The circulator may be further scaled down to as small as a few microns, according to the researchers. The design is based on materials widely used in integrated circuits such as gold, copper and silicon, making it easier to integrate in the circuit boards of modern communication devices.
Falls are the leading cause of death by injury amongst seniors, and those falls are in turn typically caused by poor balance or an irregular gait. Taking things back yet another step, problems with balance and gait are often caused by diminished sensation in the feet. Now, however, a new study indicates that subtly-buzzing insoles may help seniors regain some of that lost sensation, and thus be less likely to fall down.
The research was conducted by scientists from the Institute for Aging Research (IFAR) at Hebrew SeniorLife, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University, Harvard Medical School, and Merck Sharpe and Dohme (MSD) Consumer Care, Inc.
New research details emerging this week suggest that Google is after the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.
According to an intriguing report in New scientist, Google is building a next-generation information database called Knowledge Vault that’s designed to index and store what we can reasonably term facts. And not just some facts — the Vault is intended to continually catalog and store all facts about our world and our history.
It’s certainly an ambitious plan, and likely beyond the capability of even the largest crowdsourcing initiative. But that’s all right, because Knowledge Vault is fully automated and uses algorithms to turn raw data gathered online into bite-sized, usable chunks of knowledge.
What’s more, because of the nature of the knowledge base, the information would be readable by both machines and humans. You could query Knowledge Vault directly, as with a Google search. Or you could rely on your future smartphone — or digital assistant or robotic helper — to do the searching for you.
The Vault project is building upon Google’s existing crowdsourced database, Knowledge Graph, and so far has cataloged about 1.6 million facts. Google researchers will present a paper on Knowledge Vault next week at the conference on Knowledge Discovery at Data Mining, in New York.
It’s all part of a larger initiative, in the information technology arena, to improve the manner in which we interact with machines and databases. Similar knowledge bases are being built by companies like Facebook, Amazon and Microsoft and IBM.
One of the first practical applications for these ultra-database systems is to create a new generation of virtual personal assistants. In other words, Siri is about to get a lot smarter and faster.
Down the line, the Knowledge Vault could serve as the foundation for advanced augmented reality networks. The database would provide instant data, via heads-up display, on virtually anything you look at. The Knowledge Vault could also be used, eventually, to model all of human history and society as a vast collection of pure data. That knowledge, in turn, could be extrapolated to make predictions about the future.
Turning all of history into data and prophesying the future? Those Google guys sure don’t monkey around.
International researchers are reporting that they have built the first human-to-human brain-to-brain interface, allowing two humans — separated by the internet — to consciously communicate with each other, with no additional sensory cues. One researcher, attached to a brain-computer interface (BCI) in India, successfully sent words into the brain of another researcher in France, who was wearing a computer-to-brain interface (CBI). In short, the researchers have created a device that enables telepathy. In the future, rather than vocalizing speech — or vainly attempting to vocalize your emotions — your friend/lover/family member might just pluck those words and thoughts right out of your head.
On the edge of the Google campus in Silicon Valley there’s a nondescript building. Until now, what’s inside has remained a secret. I’m about to enter with Nick Roy, one of Google’s employees
Roy, as was widely reported last week, runs a program called Project Wing, and this building is known as The Hatchery. But dispel any ideas of sci-fi labs creating strange creatures; this is where Google is creating the next generation of drones. “This is where we design, build, test, and rebuild after failed tests, many of our vehicles
Google made global headlines with the revelation that it is building self-flying vehicles, and BBC Future got a rare look behind the scenes at ‘Project Wing’, the department that has been creating them. The idea has been in development for two years at Google X – the company’s secretive research division that is also responsible for the self-driving car, and Project Loon, which builds balloons to bring the internet to remote corners of the world.Disaster relief
Neuroscientists have worked for decades to better understand how the brain functions. Recent advances in brain mapping technology have made that ambitious task easier. An international team of researchers at the Human Brain Project have created a three dimensional atlas of the brain. The maps resolution is fifty times better than previous efforts. The atlas creators digitally stitched together thousands of brain cross-sections. The map shows details up to 20 micrometers in size—the estimated size of many human cells. While this is a huge advancement, scientists still aim to create a map that shows details at 1 or 2 micrometers, rather than 20.
Scientists from the University of Paris-South collected high-resolution images from the Pet scans, X-Rays and MRI scans of volunteers. Using the Kinect camera to track the movement of two dozen joints, they were able to translate the medical images into life-like animations and then project them onto the mirror-like screen. When users stepped in front of the mirror, they were treated to what looked like the insides of their bodies moving in real time.
Not surprisingly, users had a mixed reaction to the inside out reflections. In one experiment, the researchers left 30 people alone with the mirror for several minutes. Women seemed especially creeped out by the experience, with some gasping and covering their chests to block the view. About a third of people of both sexes were so uncomfortable they were reluctant to let anyone else have a look.
“When you’re a child and you discover your own image in front of the mirror, you don’t know it’s you,” lead researcher Xavier Maître told New Scientist Magazine. “The initial reaction to the digital mirror is often similar. It’s as if you’re inside your body. You’re discovering something that belongs to you.”
A team of young Italian coffee aficionados has come up with a new concept for a coffee machine, which they claim to be the world’s first electromagnetic induction coffee maker. Dubbed “La Fenice,” the fully functional prototype makes both traditional Italian espresso and American filter coffee and uses up to 80 percent less energy than most other coffee machines.
Conceived by Stefano Polti, the design features a patented electromagnetic induction heater that instantly heats the water when the machine is turned on, allowing it to be turned off when not in use. Most other coffee machines on the market need a good five to fifteen minutes to heat up before brewing a perfect cup of coffee, while other models are designed to be kept on all day, thus consuming a lot more energy.
“We decided to concentrate first on the energy saving theme, engineering a new heater system that could use less power and only when we need it,” says the La Fenice team.
Furthermore, La Fenice also includes a specialized pressure flow rate and temperature control (PCP), which constantly evaluates the temperature of the water and allows for “higher precision” coffee making. A specially designed sensor directly measures the water temperature and keeps it at a constant 93° C (199° F).
“Unlike most other coffee makers measuring temperature at the surface of the boiler, ‘La Fenice’ directly measures the temperature of the water itself thanks to an advanced [technology], resulting in higher precision,” says the La Fenice team
A revolutionary new method of encrypting confidential information has been patented by scientists who have been inspired by their discoveries from human biology, which model how the heart and lungs coordinate their rhythms by passing information between each other. A mathematical model based on the complex interaction between these organs has now been transferred to the world of modern communications.
A revolutionary new method of encrypting confidential information has been patented by scientists at Lancester Univercity.
They have been inspired by their discoveries from human biology, which model how the heart and lungs coordinate their rhythms by passing information between each other. A mathematical model based on the complex interaction between these organs has now been transferred to the world of modern communications.
by Dr. Tomislav Stankovski, Professor Peter McClintock, and Professor Aneta Stefanovska, and the patent includes Dr. Robert Young.
Professor Stefanovska emphasized the interdisciplinary aspect: “As so often happens with important breakthroughs, this discovery was made right on the boundary between two different subjects – because we were applying physics to biology.”
Dr. Stankovski said: “Here we offer a novel encryption scheme derived from biology, radically different from any earlier procedure. Inspired by the time-varying nature of the cardio-respiratory coupling functions recently discovered in humans, we propose a new encryption scheme that is highly resistant to conventional methods of attack.”
The release notes that the advantage of this discovery is that it offers an infinite number of choices for the secret encryption key shared between the sender and receiver. This makes it virtually impossible for hackers and eavesdroppers to crack the code.
The new method is exceptionally resistant to interference from the random fluctuations or “noise” which affects all communications systems.
It can also transmit several different information streams simultaneously, enabling all the digital devices in the home, for example, to operate on one encryption key instead of dozens of different ones.
Nine years after an accident caused the loss of his left hand, Dennis Aabo Sørensen from Denmark became the first amputee in the world to feel – in real-time – with a sensory-enhanced prosthetic hand that was surgically wired to nerves in his upper arm. Silvestro Micera and his team at EPFL Center for Neuroprosthetics and SSSA (Italy) developed the revolutionary sensory feedback that allowed Sørensen to feel again while handling objects. A prototype of this bionic technology was tested in February 2013 during a clinical trial in Rome under the supervision of Paolo Maria Rossini at Gemelli Hospital (Italy). The study is published in the February 5, 2014 edition of Science Translational Medicine, and represents a collaboration called Lifehand 2 between several European universities and hospitals.
“The sensory feedback was incredible,” reports the 36 year-old amputee from Denmark. “I could feel things that I hadn’t been able to feel in over nine years.” In a laboratory setting wearing a blindfold and earplugs, Sørensen was able to detect how strongly he was grasping, as well as the shape and consistency of different objects he picked up with his prosthetic. “When I held an object, I could feel if it was soft or hard, round or square.”
From Electrical Signal to Nerve Impulse
Micera and his team enhanced the artificial hand with sensors that detect information about touch. This was done by measuring the tension in artificial tendons that control finger movement and turning this measurement into an electrical current. But this electrical signal is too coarse to be understood by the nervous system. Using computer algorithms, the scientists transformed the electrical signal into an impulse that sensory nerves can interpret. The sense of touch was achieved by sending the digitally refined signal through wires into four electrodes that were surgically implanted into what remains of Sørensen’s upper arm nerves.
Researchers from the Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) have developed a naked-eye 3D tablet computer, which should be in the shops by the end of this year.
Naked-eye 3D technology has put 3D lens onto the screen, allowing viewers to watch 3D images without glasses, Fang Yong, deputy director of the spectrum modulation technology center at the SJTU Wuxi Research Institute, said on Tuesday. Users will not suffer from eye strain or dizziness.
According to Fang, the research team has filed a patent and the televisions and computers with the technology are on the way..
The tablets are expected to be available this year at a price of 2,000 yuan (328 U.S. dollars) to 3,000 yuan, the television will be put to the market in two years, he said.b�Wen0��xZ�ahip olacak bilgisayar ve televizyonlarında yakın gelecekte bizlere ulaşacağını belirtti. Bu sene sonuna doğru tablet bilgisayarlar 2 ile 3 bin yuan , yani yaklaşık 650 tl ile 950 tl arası fiyatlara piyasada satılabileceğini söylerken, tvlerin ise 2 yıl içinde sunulabileceğini belirtti.
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